The Maple Leafs are in a rather unusual salary cap situation

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Photo Credit: Raj Mehta/USA TODAY SPORTS

The Toronto Maple Leafs generate an outsized portion of the NHL’s revenues.  The Leafs’ impact on revenue is so great, in 2012 the former head of English television for CBC said that the most recent Hockey Night in Canada contract would not be profitable for the public broadcaster if the Leafs did not make the playoffs.  Because of the Toronto’s financial muscle, they’ve typically been near the top of the NHL in spending on salaries.  And if you look at a salary cap web site, you’ll see that the team is currently within about $1M of the salary cap ceiling this season.

But that number is misleading.  While the Leafs are indeed paying out quite a bit of money for salaries, a significant portion of that money is going to players who are not currently playing for the team.  In fact, it’s pretty unusual just how the team’s salary cap situation is structured once you look into the details.

The NHL’s collective bargaining agreement with the NHLPA sets out both maximum and minimum amounts that teams must spend on player salaries each season.  The salary cap ceiling – the maximum amount a team can spend in a given season – gets most of the attention, as teams near the top of the league have to engage in all kinds of roster moves to remain compliant.  But the floor matters too, as teams at the bottom end of the pay scale sometimes have to add salary in order to meet the minimum requirement.

For the current NHL season, the salary cap floor is $54M.  Only one team is within $10M of that amount at the moment: the Carolina Hurricanes, at about $58M.  But there are teams below that mark, if you dig a bit deeper.

Carolina is one of those teams.  If you subtract buyouts for Alex Semin and James Wisniewski, the roster is down to $52M, below the floor.  You can also take out the $4M owed to Brian Bickell, who has only played 7 games this season and is injured long-term, bringing the Hurricanes down to $48M.  So the actual roster the Canes are icing is well below the NHL’s salary cap floor.

The situation for the Leafs is even more strange.  Here are the cap hits for all of the players Toronto is currently paying to not play for the Leafs:

Player AAV
Horton 5,300,000
Lupul 5,250,000
Laich 4,500,000
Michalek 4,000,000
Robidas 3,000,000
Greening 2,650,000
Gleason 1,333,333
Kessel 1,200,000
TOTAL 27,233,333

Add it all up and the Leafs are spending an amount equal to half the salary cap floor to players not currently on the Leafs roster.  That’s nearly three times as much as the Hurricanes are paying to  non-roster players.

So what does that mean for their actual roster?  Here are the cap hits of the players currently on Toronto’s roster:

Player AAV
Rielly 5,000,000
Andersen 5,000,000
Kadri 4,500,000
JVR 4,250,000
Bozak 4,200,000
Gardiner 4,050,000
Komarov 2,950,000
Martin 2,500,000
Polak 2,250,000
Marincin 1,250,000
Hunwick 1,200,000
Matthews 925,000
Zaitsev 925,000
Hyman 900,000
Nylander 894,167
Marner 894,167
Gauthier 863,333
McElhinney 800,000
Carrick 750,000
Soshnikov 736,667
Brown 686,667
Smith 675,000
Leivo 612,500
Corrado 600,000
TOTAL 47,412,501

So the cap hits of players actually on Toronto’s roster right now are slightly lower than those of the team with the lowest official salary cap total in the NHL.  I think that makes the Leafs performance in the standings this year even more impressive – they’re currently 7th in the East while icing a roster that makes less than the salary cap floor.

Perhaps to be more fair we should add in performance bonuses.  After all, Toronto’s rookies are tearing it up, and they’re going to hit at least some of their bonuses.  If you add in all of the potential bonuses that Leafs players can earn the total jumps a bit to just over $53M, which is still slightly below the salary cap floor.

Of course there’s one team in the NHL that’s known for adding phantom cap hits in order to stay above the salary cap floor, and that’s the Arizona Coyotes.  How much money do they have tied up in non-roster players this season?

Player AAV
Datsyuk 7,500,000
Bolland 5,500,000
Pronger 4,935,714
Michalek 3,200,000
Ribeiro 1,444,444
Vermette 1,250,000
TOTAL 23,830,158

Even the Coyotes don’t have as much cap space tied up in non-roster players as the Leafs do.  The situations are a bit different; Arizona isn’t actually paying any money to Pavel Datsyuk, for example.  But the effect in terms of the salary cap situation is that Toronto has more cap space dedicated to non-roster players than the Coyotes do.

But surely the cap hits of Arizona’s actual roster are less than Toronto’s, right?

Player AAV
Smith 5,666,667
OEL 5,500,000
Goligoski 5,475,000
Stone 4,000,000
Doan 3,876,134
Murphy 3,850,000
McGinn 3,333,333
Hanzal 3,100,000
Rieder 2,225,000
Richardson 2,083,333
Burmistrov 1,550,000
Holland 1,300,000
Schenn 1,250,000
Domingue 1,050,000
Vrbata 1,000,000
White 1,000,000
Connauton 1,000,000
Chychrun 925,000
Crouse 894,167
Domi 863,333
Perlini 863,333
Fischer 852,500
Dvorak 839,167
Martinook 612,500
Jooris 600,000
TOTAL 53,709,467

Even the Arizona Coyotes have a roster with a higher cap hit than Toronto’s this season, to the tune of roughly $6M.

There’s one more unusual thing about Toronto’s salary cap situation this year, and that’s that they have the lowest paid highest paid player of any team in the league.  The top cap hit for a player on Toronto’s active roster is shared by Morgan Rielly and Frederik Andersen, both coming in at $5M.  Only one other team in the NHL has no players making under $6M, as you can see here:

Team Top AAV
CHI 10,500,000
LAK 10,000,000
WSH 9,538,462
PIT 9,500,000
NSH 9,000,000
ANA 8,625,000
TBL 8,500,000
NYR 8,500,000
PHI 8,275,000
MTL 7,857,143
WPG 7,600,000
MIN 7,538,462
STL 7,500,000
BUF 7,500,000
DAL 7,500,000
CBJ 7,425,000
BOS 7,250,000
OTT 7,250,000
VAN 7,000,000
SJS 6,750,000
CGY 6,750,000
FLA 6,350,000
COL 6,300,000
DET 6,083,333
NYI 6,000,000
EDM 6,000,000
NJD 6,000,000
CAR 6,000,000
ARI 5,666,667
TOR 5,000,000

In fact, the situation is even stranger: every team in the league has multiple active players with a higher cap hit than the Leafs’ highest paid players.

From the standpoint of where the Leafs are at in their rebuild, this makes sense.  There’s no point tying up money in older players when the team will need cap space to give big contract extensions to Auston Matthews, William Nylander, and Mitch Marner.  But it is still a bit unusual that the league’s richest team has constructed a roster with such a low cost, especially given how well they’re doing in the standings.

  • STAN

    Great work DLP. I’ve bookmarked this a reference guide for the rest of this season and into next. But being a syntax/grammar/spelling guy I’d just like to remind you that there IS a word for the phrase “more strange”. How ’bout, uh, lets see… STRANGER. Cheers.

  • LukeDaDrifter

    After reading the article it makes me wonder why so many people here feel paying Martin $2.5 million a year is such bad management for the Leafs. When looking at our roster that actually dresses for the games one sees the Leafs are not overpaying to ice a team. I am not sure why folks can not understand Lou Lamoriello philosophy on contracts. For anyone not aware of it here it is.

    On contracts in general.

    “I think that everything that happens these days is too much money. I don’t see many contracts that were signed that I would say were not “too much money.” I’ve said this year in and year out. But when you feel there is a need, and there is a short supply, if you can get, in your mind, the best player available for that [need], you have to make that decision.”

    On what separates Matt from other fourth line players in the league:

    “Certainly his size and strength, and we feel his skating is very good. I’ve had the good experience of playing against him for a good number of years where I came from. I’ve seen him over a period of time. Our staff liked him, our coaching staff liked him, and that’s the most important thing.”

    On Matt Martin as “protection” for the young guys:

    “I don’t know what word you’d call it, but it’s certainly a support to allow them to feel freer to do the things they do best as far as how they play.”

    Matt Martin on why he signed with the Leafs.

    “Matt Martin says he saw the impact Babcock had on Abdelkader & Komarov; wanted that opportunity.”

    • Marcel DePass

      That all well and good concerning Martin, they are reasons to sign him. He’s overpaid for the contributions he makes on the score sheet. The same things that are looked at in an arbitration hearing aid be looked at in player value equating into dollars. I’m not saying that he hasn’t been good for the team, because he has. It’s just that we’re paying him $2.5M while Leivo, a player with legitimate offense, is getting paid $600,000 to snack on birdseye view. Perspective…

  • Stan Smith

    Very interesting article on a an important topic that effects every team in the NHL that we don’t normally read, or hear about.

    As DLP stated this cap space is going to be needed once the big 3 rookie’s contracts come due. This is just another reason why the Leafs need to take it slow, stick to the plan, and not do anything rash to speed things up.

  • Marcel DePass

    Good work. It will be interesting to see how quickly the roster will fill up the cap. If the rebuild status the current course, there will be a few legit and talented NHLers that we won’t have room for. Heck, almost there now.